Glory Departs Feb 23 NASAs latest Climate Change Mission-

The NASA satellite Glory is set to launch into the Earths Atmosphere. The Glory Launch will further Climatologist study of Airborne Particles (Aerosols) and how they affect the the Earths Climate. They will be studying the ubiquitous particles (existing or being everywhere, especially at the same time; omnipresent) that directly influence the Climate by absorbing and reflecting the Sun’s Radiation.

The Aerosol Particles they will be examining are-" few nanometers, less than the width of the smallest viruses, to several tens of micrometers, about the diameter of human hair" The Aerosols are Created by: Aerosols, Gases that lead to Aerosol formation, Fossil Fuel Exhaust Gases, and Natural causes.

Godspeed and Good Luck to all those involved. {I’ll report the findings when they become available, Scotty}

Scott’s Contracting
scottscontracting
http://www.stlouisrenewableenergy.blogspot.com
http://scottscontracting.wordpress.com

NASAs latest Climate Change Mission- Glory Departs Feb 23,

The NASA satellite Glory is set to launch into the Earths Atmosphere.  The Glory Launch will further Climatologist study of Airborne Particles (Aerosols) and how they affect the the Earths Climate.  They will be studying the ubiquitous particles (existing or being everywhere, especially at the same time; omnipresent) that directly influence the Climate by absorbing and reflecting the Sun’s Radiation.

The Aerosol Particles they will be examining are-” few nanometers, less than the width of the smallest viruses, to several tens of micrometers, about the diameter of human hair” The Aerosols are Created by: Aerosols, Gases that lead to Aerosol formation, Fossil Fuel Exhaust Gases, and Natural causes. — the amount of energy entering and exiting Earth’s atmosphere. An accurate measurement of these impacts is important in order to anticipate future changes to our climate and how they may affect human life.

Godspeed and Good Luck to all those involved.

Scott’s Contracting
scottscontracting@gmail.com
http://www.stlouisrenewableenergy.blogspot.com
http://scottscontracting.wordpress.com

______________________________

Climatologists have known for decades that airborne particles called aerosols can have a powerful impact on the climate. However, pinpointing the magnitude of the effect has proven challenging because of difficulties associated with measuring the particles on a global scale.

Soon a new NASA satellite — Glory – should help scientists collect the data needed to provide firmer answers about the important particles. In California, engineers and technicians at Vandenberg Air Force Base are currently prepping Glory for a Feb. 23 launch.

Aerosols, or the gases that lead to their formation, can come from vehicle tailpipes and desert winds, from sea spray and fires, volcanic eruptions and factories. Even lush forests, soils, or communities of plankton in the ocean can be sources of certain types of aerosols.

The ubiquitous particles drift in Earth’s atmosphere, from the stratosphere to the surface, and range in size from a few nanometers, less than the width of the smallest viruses, to several tens of micrometers, about the diameter of human hair.

The particles can directly influence climate by reflecting or absorbing the sun’s radiation. In broad terms, this means bright-colored or translucent aerosols, such as sulfates and sea salt aerosols, tend to reflect radiation back towards space and cause cooling. In contrast, darker aerosols, such as black carbon and other types of carbonaceous particles, can absorb significant amounts of light and contribute to atmospheric warming.

Research to date suggests that the cooling from sulfates and other reflective aerosols overwhelms the warming effect of black carbon and other absorbing aerosols. Indeed, the best climate models available show that aerosol particles have had a cooling effect that has counteracted about half of the warming caused by the build-up of greenhouse gases since the 1880s.

“However, the models are far from perfect,” said Glory Project Scientist Michael Mishchenko, a senior scientist at the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS). “The range of uncertainty associated with the climate impact of aerosols is three or four times that of greenhouse gases,” he said.

In comparison to greenhouse gases, aerosols are short-lived, and dynamic — making the particles much harder to measure than long-lived and stable carbon dioxide. Aerosols usually remain suspended in the atmosphere for just a handful of days. Complicating matters, the particles can clump together to form hybrids that are difficult to distinguish.

In addition to scattering and absorbing light, aerosols can also modify clouds. They serve as the seeds of clouds, and can also affect cloud brightness and reflectivity, how long clouds last, and how much they precipitate. Reflective aerosols, like sulfates, for example, tend to brighten clouds and make them last longer, whereas black carbon from soot generally has the opposite effect.

Still, much remains unknown about aerosols and clouds. How do aerosols other than sulfates and black carbon affect clouds? How do aerosol impacts differ in warm and cold environments? Can infusions of aerosols near clouds spark self-reinforcing feedback cycles capable of affecting the climate?

The climate impact of clouds remains one of the largest uncertainties in climate science because of such unanswered questions. Some models suggest a mere 5 percent increase in cloud reflectivity could compensate for the entire increase in greenhouse gases from the modern industrial era, while others produce quite different outcomes.

Such unresolved issues prompted the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) to list the level of scientific understanding about aerosols as “low” in its last major report. Of the 25 climate models included by the IPCC in the Fourth Assessment Report, only a handful considered the scattering or absorbing effects of aerosol types other than sulfates.

“And less than a third of the models included aerosol impacts on clouds, even in a limited way, and those that did only considered sulfates,” said Mian Chin, a physical scientist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center who specializes in modeling aerosols.

Glory, which contains an innovative aerosol-sensing instrument called the Aerosol Polarimetry Sensor (APS), aims to change this. By more accurately identifying a broad suite of aerosol types — such as salt, mineral dust and smoke — the instrument should help climatologists fill in key gaps in climate models.

While other NASA instruments — including ground, aircraft, and satellite-based instruments — have studied aerosols in the past, APS is NASA’s first satellite-based instrument capable of measuring the polarization, the orientation of light-wave vibrations.

Raw sunlight, explained Mishchenko, is unpolarized. This means the waves oscillate in an unpredictable, random fashion as they move through space — much like a rope would wiggle about if it had two people flapping its ends up and down in no particular pattern.

When light waves pass through certain types of filters called polarizers the waves are forced into a more ordered form. Imagine that wobbling rope trying to pass throw a narrow slit in a fence: only the waves vibrating at a certain angle could make it through. The result is polarized light, or light for which the waves only oscillate at specific angles. The surface of glass, sunglasses, even clouds of aerosol particles can polarize light.

APS’s ability to measure the polarization of light scattered by aerosols and clouds is the key strength of the instrument. Other NASA satellite instruments have measured aerosols, but such instruments have typically done so by looking at the intensity of light — the amplitude of the light waves — not their polarization.

Yet, ground and aircraft-based studies, particularly those conducted with an aircraft instrument called the Research Scanning Polarimeter, which is quite similar to APS, show that polarized light contains the most information about aerosol features. “Earlier instruments can approximate the abundance of aerosol in general terms, but they leave much to be desired if you’re trying to sort out the shape and composition of the particles,” said APS Instrument Scientist Brian Cairns, also of GISS.

These scanning electron microscope images, which are not at the same scale, show the wide variety of aerosols shapes. These scanning electron microscope images, which are not at the same scale, show the wide variety of aerosols shapes. From left to right: volcanic ash, pollen, sea salt, and soot. Credit: USGS, UMBC, Arizona State University

Large, spherical particles — sea salt, for example — leave a very different imprint on light in comparison to smaller and more irregularly-shaped particles such as black carbon. As a result, much like forensic scientists might study the details of blood droplets at a crime scene to reconstruct what happened, climatologists using Glory data will look to the polarization state of scattered light to work backwards and deduce the type of aerosol that must have scattered it.

Glory will not be the first Earth-observing satellite instrument to study polarization. French instruments that launched in 1996 and 2002 have as well, but the APS promises to be far more accurate and will look at the same particles from many more angles.

Nonetheless, interpreting Glory’s APS data will be an extremely complex task. The mission will provide such a vast amount of new polarization data about aerosols that, in order to make sense of it, scientists will first have to validate APS science products with ground-based sensors scattered around the globe. Likewise, they will have to adapt and update mathematical techniques developed for an aircraft instrument to ensure they work well in a space environment.

All of this will take some time to refine and perfect. Mishchenko’s team expects to release preliminary results as soon as possible after Glory launches, but he also expects to release improved and enhanced versions of Glory’s APS data products over time.

A great deal of work lies ahead of Glory’s science team and the aerosol science community more broadly, but the mission has the potential to produce profound advancements in understanding the perplexing particles. “Glory has the potential to offer a critical view of aerosols that we have never had from space before,” said Glory’s Deputy Project Scientist Ellsworth Welton.

Solar_Storm_Information-CME- QandA-Resources

In a previous Article I reported: More Active Sun Means Nasty Solar Storms Ahead.  In this post I added emphasis on the facts that:

  • The sun is waking up from a deep slumber, and in the next few years we expect to see much higher levels of solar activity,” said R. Fisher NASA
  • But smart power grids, GPS navigation, air travel, financial services and emergency radio communications can all be knocked out by intense solar activity.
  • A major solar storm could cause twenty times more economic damage than Hurricane Katrina, warned the National Academy of Sciences in a 2008 report

It looks like the NASA Scientists were correct.  The Earth just received another blast of CME (Coronal Mass Ejection) Click Here to read about the latest Solar Storm that effected Chinas Radio Communications

 Here are web links for additional information on the Subject and provided links to the information – Damaging Effects caused by a Solar Storm or CME.

Solar Storms
Q: What is a Solar Storm

A solar storm is an electrified gas cloud that erupts from the surface of the sun into space. They come from the space around sunspots. Scientifically it’s called a CME (Coronal Mass Ejection) and there is more than one stage to it. First comes a solar flare, then a radiation storm and finally the CME. If a powerful solar storm struck Earth, it could destroy crucial technology and cause a worldwide blackout.

Read more: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_a_solar_storm#ixzz1EQMhM4GE

Solar storm

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Solar storm can refer to:

Related article
Sunspot – where most solar flares and coronal mass ejections originate

CME-Solar Storm Web Resources-Q and A

In a previous Article I reported: More Active Sun Means Nasty Solar Storms Ahead. In this post I added emphasis on the facts that:

  • "The sun is waking up from a deep slumber, and in the next few years we expect to see much higher levels of solar activity," said R. Fisher NASA
  • But smart power grids, GPS navigation, air travel, financial services and emergency radio communications can all be knocked out by intense solar activity.
  • A major solar storm could cause twenty times more economic damage than Hurricane Katrina, warned the National Academy of Sciences in a 2008 report

It looks like the NASA Scientists were correct. The Earth just received another blast of CME (Coronal Mass Ejection) Click Here to read about the latest Solar Storm that effected Chinas Radio Communications

Here are web links for additional information on the Subject and provided links to the information – Damaging Effects caused by a Solar Storm or CME.

Q: What is a Solar Storm

A solar storm is an electrified gas cloud that erupts from the surface of the sun into space. They come from the space around sunspots. Scientifically it’s called a CME (Coronal Mass Ejection) and there is more than one stage to it. First comes a solar flare, then a radiation storm and finally the CME. If a powerful solar storm struck Earth, it could destroy crucial technology and cause a worldwide blackout.

Read more: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_a_solar_storm#ixzz1EQMhM4GE

Solar storm

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Solar storm can refer to:

Related article
Sunspot – where most solar flares and coronal mass ejections originate

Who Cares About Politics? THE SUN IS EXPLODING! (kinda)

Catastrophe Looming? The Risks of Rising Solar Storm Activity
Who Cares About Politics? THE SUN IS EXPLODING! (kinda)  | Space.com

The sun let loose its most powerful eruption in more than four years Monday night (Feb. 14), disrupting radio communications in China and generating concern around the world.  

But it could have been a lot worse, experts say.

Despite its strength, Monday’s solar storm was a baby compared to several previous blasts, and it provides just a hint of what the sun is capable of. A true monster storm has the potential to wreak havoc on a global scale, knocking out communications systems, endangering satellites and astronauts and causing perhaps trillions of dollars in damages.

  1. The sun’s activity cycle is ramping up, so more storms will likely be coming our way over the next few years
  2. The sun has grown more active over the last several months after rousing from a quiet period in its 11-year weather cycle last year. 

Continue Reading…

Energy Game for Teachers, Educators, Kids, and You

The Energy Hog is a dastardly character that makes learning about energy efficiency and conservation fun. Clocking miles and saving kilowatts, the Energy Hog Program has been stirring up trouble and inspiring energy education around the country.

The Energy Hog program makes it easy for teachers and energy educators to bring energy education into the classroom or to a public event.

Overview: 

The Energy Hog is a dastardly character that makes learning about energy efficiency and conservation fun.  Clocking miles and saving kilowatts, the Energy Hog Program has been stirring up trouble and inspiring energy education around the country. The Energy Hog program makes it easy for teachers and energy educators to bring energy education into the classroom or to a public event.

Maybe you know an Energy Hog. It could even be you or a family member! No matter who’s wasting energy, the Energy Hog games and resources can help your family save.  The energy hog games are a great way to engage little ones in learning about energy efficiency while having fun! They can even become a Hog Buster.

Learning about energy is fun when you include energy hogs! Access free classroom activities and materials that guide children through lessons about different sources of energy, how we use energy at home, and how to bust energy hogs to save energy.  Energy Hog educational resources are designed for grade levels 2 -6 and cover the subject areas of Science, Math, Technology, Language Arts and Social Studies, and meet national learning standards.

Schedule a “Real, Live” Energy Hog to visit your school or be part of your upcoming event. The Energy Hog is a dastardly, misled character who puts a face to the concept of wasted energy, while the dynamic, quick-witted Energy Hog Buster teaches kids how to find and defeat Energy Hogs.

Scheduling an Energy Hog for your school or upcoming event is a great way to highlight how we use energy, and the importance of energy efficiency.  Please contact Aaron Stainthorp for more information.

Energy-Efficient Mortgages and Financing

Energy-Efficient Mortgages and Financing

The following Web sites offer information on energy-efficient financing programs, including mortgages, home improvement loans, refinancing, and home energy ratings. 

  • Financing an Energy-Efficient Home

    This fact sheet from the Department of Energy features an overview of energy-efficient financing programs from mortgages to home improvement loans.

  • U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Energy-Efficient Mortgage Program

    The Energy-Efficient Mortgage Program is one of many Federal Housing Authority programs that insure mortgage loans to encourage lenders to make mortgage credit available to borrowers, such as first-time homebuyers, who would not otherwise qualify for conventional loans on affordable terms.

  • Energy Ratings and Mortgages

    Energy efficient homes may qualify for mortgages that take into account a home’s efficiency. Residential Energy Services Network (RESNET) provides information on home energy rating systems, energy efficient mortgages, and finding certified energy raters and lenders who know how to process energy efficiency mortgages.

  • Refinancing for Energy-Efficiency Improvements

    An overview of refinancing to make energy efficiency improvements, from the Alliance to Save Energy.

Stay Tuned for updates… with all the news on Budget Cuts by out Elected Politicians…Who Knows what will happen with the Green Clean Energy Initiative?

Energy-Efficient Mortgages and Financing

The following Web sites offer information on energy-efficient financing programs, including mortgages, home improvement loans, refinancing, and home energy ratings.

Green Tax Breaks Available Thu 2016

If you purchase an energy-efficient product or renewable energy system for your home, you may be eligible for a federal tax credit.

Below you will find an overview of the federal tax credits for energy efficiency that are still available.

Some energy efficiency tax credits were also available in 2009 and 2010. These can still be claimed on your 2010 taxes. Learn more about the tax credits that expired at the end of 2010.

NOTE: The Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010 included changes to home energy efficiency tax credits, beginning after December 31, 2010. This page will be updated with more information; please check back.

How to Claim Your Tax Credit

  • Note: Tax forms for the 2010 tax year may not yet be available. Visit the IRS Web site to obtain the latest forms.
  • Claim improvements made in 2010 on your 2010 taxes, filed by April 15, 2011.
  • Use the 2010 version of the following forms:
    • For renewable and efficiency credits: IRS Form 5695.
    • For alternative motor vehicle credits: IRS Form 8910. Also download instructions for form 8910.
    • For qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicle credits: IRS Form 8936
  • Save your receipts and the Manufacturer Certification Statement for your records.
  • For 2009 taxes, visit the IRS Web site to obtain the 2009 version of these forms.

Products Eligible for Tax Credits Through 2016

Tax credits for these products are available at 30% of the cost, with no upper limit, through 2016 (Select “See Details” for more information on each product, or see the printable version).

Geothermal Heat Pump

Photo of two geothermal heat pump—two tall rectangular boxes with pipes and tubes coming out the top of each.

Credit: Bruce Green

Credit: 30% of cost, with no upper limit

When and Where:

  • Must be “placed in service” by Dec. 31, 2016
  • Available on principal home or second home.
  • New and existing homes

Solar Energy Systems

Photo of solar panels on the roof of a home.

Credit: Cheryl Unger

Credit: 30% of cost, with no upper limit

When and Where:

  • Must be “placed in service” by Dec. 31, 2016
  • Available on principal home or second home.
  • New and existing homes
  • See details

    Product Requirements More Information
    Solar Water Heating Property At least half of the energy generated by the “qualifying property” must come from the sun.

    The system must be certified by the Solar Rating and Certification Corporation (SRCC).

    Credit includes installation costs.

    Learn more about solar water heaters.

    All ENERGY STAR solar water heaters qualify.

    The water must be used in the dwelling. The credit is not available for expenses for swimming pools or hot tubs.

    Tax credits are only available for the solar water heating system property, not the entire water heating system of the household.

    Photovoltaic Systems (Solar Electric Property) Photovoltaic systems must provide electricity for the residence and must meet applicable fire and electrical code requirement. Learn more about:

Wind Energy Systems

Photo of a home with a small wind turbine behind the garage.

Credit: Bergey WindPower

Credit: 30% of cost, with no upper limit

When and Where:

  • Must be “placed in service” by Dec. 31, 2016
  • Available on principal home or second home.
  • New and existing homes
  • See details

    Product Requirements More Information
    Residential Small Wind Turbines Nameplate capacity of not more than 100 kilowatts.

    Credit includes installation costs.

    Learn more about:

Fuel Cells

Photo of a man examining one of three fuel cells. The fuel cells are tall boxes, roughly six feet tall and three feet wide, with a round panel on the front.

Credit: Capstone Turbine Corporation

Credit: 30% of cost, up to $500 per .5 kW of power capacity

When and Where:

  • Must be “placed in service” by Dec. 31, 2016
  • Primary residence
  • New and existing homes
  • See details

    Product Requirements More Information
    Residential Fuel Cell Systems Efficiency of at least 30% and must have a capacity of at least 0.5 kW.

    Credit includes installation costs.

Vehicle Tax Credits

Tax credits are also available for some vehicles (Select “See Details” for more information on each product, or see the printable version).

Vehicles

Photo of a hybrid electric vehicle.

Credit: ©iStockphoto.com

Credit: Varies, see below.

When:

  • See below; credits phased-out after certain number of vehicles are sold.
  • See details

    Product Requirements More Information
    Hybrids, battery-powered, plug-in electric, advanced lean burn, fuel cell, or alternative fuel vehicles Credit is based on a formula determined by vehicle weight, technology, and fuel economy compared to base year models. There is a 60,000 vehicle limit per manufacturer before a phase-out period begins. See Fueleconomy.gov to find out which vehicles are still eligible.

    Use IRS Form 8910 (PDF 86 KBPDF) for vehicles purchased for personal use. Use IRS Form 3800 (PDF 144 KBPDF) for vehicles purchased for business. The 2009 forms will be available late 2009 or early 2010.

    Also see credits for alternative fuel vehicle refueling property.

    Plug-in Electric Vehicles Credit: $2,500-$7,500, based on capacity of the battery system. The first 200,000 vehicles sold get the full tax credit before the credit begins phasing out. Use IRS Form 8936 (PDF 78 KBPDF).

    See the IRS information on the Plug-in Electric Vehicle Credit.

You May Be Eligible for Additional Incentives

The tax credits listed here are federal tax credits.

These can be combined with other state, local, and utility incentives.

Related Links

Note: This summary is for informational purposes only and should not be considered official tax information. Please see the IRS web site for official tax guidance.

 

 

 

 

Green Products Eligible for Tax Credits Through 2016


If you purchase an energy-efficient product or renewable energy system for your home, you may be eligible for a federal tax credit.

Below you will find an overview of the federal tax credits for energy efficiency that are still available.

Some energy efficiency tax credits were also available in 2009 and 2010. These can still be claimed on your 2010 taxes. Learn more about the
tax credits that expired at the end of 2010.

NOTE: The Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010 included changes to home energy efficiency tax credits, beginning after December 31, 2010. This page will be updated with more information;
please check back.

How to Claim Your Tax Credit

  • Note: Tax forms for the 2010 tax year may not yet be available. Visit the IRS Web site to obtain the latest forms.
  • Claim improvements made in 2010 on your 2010 taxes, filed by April 15, 2011.
  • Use the 2010 version of the following forms:
    • For renewable and efficiency credits: IRS Form 5695.
    • For alternative motor vehicle credits: IRS Form 8910. Also download instructions for form 8910.
    • For qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicle credits: IRS Form 8936
  • Save your receipts and the Manufacturer Certification Statement for your records.
  • For 2009 taxes, visit the IRS Web site to obtain the 2009 version of these forms.

Products Eligible for Tax Credits Through 2016

Tax credits for these products are available at 30% of the cost, with no upper limit, through 2016 (Select “See Details” for more information on each product, or see the printable version).

Geothermal Heat Pump

Photo of two geothermal heat pump—two tall rectangular boxes with pipes and tubes coming out the top of each.

Credit: Bruce Green
Credit: 30% of cost, with no upper limit

When and Where:

  • Must be “placed in service” by Dec. 31, 2016
  • Available on principal home or second home.
  • New and existing homes

Solar Energy Systems

Photo of solar panels on the roof of a home.

Credit: Cheryl Unger
Credit: 30% of cost, with no upper limit

When and Where:

  • Must be “placed in service” by Dec. 31, 2016
  • Available on principal home or second home.
  • New and existing homes
  • See details

    Product Requirements More Information
    Solar Water Heating Property At least half of the energy generated by the “qualifying property” must come from the sun.
    The system must be certified by the Solar Rating and Certification Corporation (SRCC).
    Credit includes installation costs.
    Learn more about solar water heaters.
    All ENERGY STAR solar water heaters qualify.
    The water must be used in the dwelling. The credit is not available for expenses for swimming pools or hot tubs.
    Tax credits are only available for the solar water heating system property, not the entire water heating system of the household.
    Photovoltaic Systems (Solar Electric Property) Photovoltaic systems must provide electricity for the residence and must meet applicable fire and electrical code requirement. Learn more about:

Wind Energy Systems

Photo of a home with a small wind turbine behind the garage.

Credit: Bergey WindPower
Credit: 30% of cost, with no upper limit

When and Where:

  • Must be “placed in service” by Dec. 31, 2016
  • Available on principal home or second home.
  • New and existing homes
  • See details

    Product Requirements More Information
    Residential Small Wind Turbines Nameplate capacity of not more than 100 kilowatts.
    Credit includes installation costs.
    Learn more about:

Fuel Cells

Photo of a man examining one of three fuel cells. The fuel cells are tall boxes, roughly six feet tall and three feet wide, with a round panel on the front.

Credit: Capstone Turbine Corporation
Credit: 30% of cost, up to $500 per .5 kW of power capacity

When and Where:

  • Must be “placed in service” by Dec. 31, 2016
  • Primary residence
  • New and existing homes
  • See details

    Product Requirements More Information
    Residential Fuel Cell Systems Efficiency of at least 30% and must have a capacity of at least 0.5 kW.
    Credit includes installation costs.

Vehicle Tax Credits

Tax credits are also available for some vehicles (Select “See Details” for more information on each product, or see the printable version).

Vehicles

Photo of a hybrid electric vehicle.

Credit: ©iStockphoto.com
Credit: Varies, see below.

When:

  • See below; credits phased-out after certain number of vehicles are sold.
  • See details

    Product Requirements More Information
    Hybrids, battery-powered, plug-in electric, advanced lean burn, fuel cell, or alternative fuel vehicles Credit is based on a formula determined by vehicle weight, technology, and fuel economy compared to base year models. There is a 60,000 vehicle limit per manufacturer before a phase-out period begins. See Fueleconomy.gov to find out which vehicles are still eligible.
    Use IRS Form 8910 (PDF 86 KBPDF) for vehicles purchased for personal use. Use IRS Form 3800 (PDF 144 KBPDF) for vehicles purchased for business. The 2009 forms will be available late 2009 or early 2010.
    Also see credits for alternative fuel vehicle refueling property.
    Plug-in Electric Vehicles Credit: $2,500-$7,500, based on capacity of the battery system. The first 200,000 vehicles sold get the full tax credit before the credit begins phasing out. Use IRS Form 8936 (PDF 78 KBPDF).
    See the IRS information on the Plug-in Electric Vehicle Credit.

You May Be Eligible for Additional Incentives

The tax credits listed here are federal tax credits.
These can be combined with other state, local, and utility incentives.

Related Links

Note: This summary is for informational purposes only and should not be considered official tax information. Please see the IRS web site for official tax guidance.