Tag Archives: Green Build

Natural Pool Design Trees 1 b

Designing a Natural Pool with Fish Habitat

Natural Pool Design Trees 1 b

Designing a Natural Pool with additional fish habitat area for the Sustainable Hemp Home Series.

Top View Natural Pool Design with Fish Habitat
Top View Natural Pool Design with Fish Habitat

Since the Hemp Home Designs are all about Sustainability.  Why wouldn’t the pool be as well and while we are at building a natural pool we might as well incorporate a fish habitat into the natural pool design.  This will allow the pool to serve as a food source in addition to the entertainment value.

Birdseye view Natural Swimming Pool Design
Birdseye view Natural Swimming Pool Design

Tips for natural pools supplied by Mother Earth News

Design Information

  • Reserving at least 50 percent of your pool’s surface area for shallow plants, either at one end or in a ring around the sides, eliminates the need for chlorine and expensive filters and pumps. You’ll want to separate the swimming area of your pool and the filtration area, or plant zone (see the illustration in the image gallery).
  • The water needs to circulate continuously for the plants’ roots to cleanse the pool. You also may need to aerate the water so the water organisms’ oxygen needs are met.
Without adequate oxygen, your pool could become stagnant, harboring odoriferous anaerobic bacteria.
  • Besides cleaning the water and making your pool beautiful to behold, the shallow plant zone warms the water quickly and provides habitat for frogs and many invertebrates. They’ll appreciate the shallow water for breeding grounds and repay the favor by eating mosquito larvae.

  • A rim within an inch of the water’s surface keeps plants in their place but allows water from the swimming area to move to the plant zone for filtering, As water passes through the fibrous root structure of the plants, bacteria concentrated on the plants’ roots act as a biological filter, removing contaminants and excess nutrients in the water. Decomposer organisms, also found in the plants’ root zones, consume the bacteria, effectively eliminating underwater waste buildup.

Hemp Home Frontal View- Design by Scotty Net Zero Energy Efficient Hempcrete Home

Hemp Home Collection By Scotty

Hemp Home Birds Eye View 2
Hemp Home Complete Birds Eye View 2

Read and See more CAD Photos and Design Illustrations for this Industrial Hemp 4 Bedroom Home that showcases Sustainable Construction Design at St Louis Renewable Energy Hemp Home Design Collection.

Collection of Hemp Home Design CAD Drawing photos showcasing the sustainable lifestyle that this net zero energy efficient home, gardens, pergola, solar panels, solar water heating, pool, garage, safe room, basement, fireplace, 4 bedroom, 2 bath…

hemp-home-stucco-birds-eye
hemp-home-stucco-birds-eye
Hemp Home Complete Birds Eye View 3
Hemp Home Complete Birds Eye View 3
Hemp Home Stucco Finish 1
Hemp Home Stucco Finish 1
Hemp Home Neighbors View
Hemp Home Neighbors View
Hemp Home Side Yard Stucoo
Hemp Home Side Yard Stucco
Hemp Home Pergola Arbor Garden Feature
Hemp Home Pergola Arbor Garden Feature
Hemp Home Rear Street View
Hemp Home Rear Street View
Hemp Home Rooftop Back Yard View
Hemp Home Rooftop Back Yard View

Industrial Hemp Home CAD designs by Scotty-Energy Efficient Post Frame and Hempcrete creating a Net Zero- Energy Efficient Sustainable 4 Bedroom 2 Bath, Gardens, Pool, Basement, Safe Room, Green Roof, Sky Lights, Dual Pane Windows, Fireplace, Hardwood Floors, Radiant Heating, Indoor Garden, Hedge, Landscaping, Water Features 

Read and See more CAD Photos and Design Illustrations for this Industrial Hemp Home “Sustainable Construction” Design at Scottys Website St Louis Renewable Energy Hemp Home Design Collection.

Background on Industrial Hemp Building:

Builders have been building Homes and Commercial Buildings using this design in Europe for many years now. With the legalization of Industrial Hemp in the USA. Now Americans can adopt this Sustainable Building practice into our designs to create homes that can grow and be built in 2 years.

In this example of Hemp Building I’ve eliminated much of the excess lumber that is not needed in the build because of the Post Frame Structure. When the Natural Lime and Hemp Fibers are mixed together it creates a concrete like material that is also high in insulation value- you get the best of both worlds:

  • A strong and durable Building that is also energy efficient that can withstand the abuse from the elements.
  • This Natural product that can also be grown most anywhere in the USA.

Thank you for checking out the CAD designs on the use of Industrial Hemp for creating an Energy Efficient Home.  

If I can assist you in your quest to design or build using this type of construction technique utilizing hemp or other natural green building products drop me a line and let me know. Scotty

Catalan Vault Style Roof System

QandA with HEMP Building Expert Greg Flavall Hemp Technologies

Hempcrete Wall Details by Scotty-  Hemp Home Building Plans

Q-n-A with HEMP Building Expert: Mr. Greg Flavall Co-Founder and Technical Director at Hemp-Technologies on the Hemp Home design by Scotty

Hemp Home Wall Detail
Hemp Home Wall Detail by Scotty
Additional Hemp Home Wall Details

Below: Hemp Wall Buttress Design adds support for the Catalan Roof Arches as well as support for the Solar Array!

HempHome Arch Buttress Detail
Hemp Home Catalan Green Roof Connection
Hemp Home Catalan Green Roof Connection Detail by Scotty

Above: Hemp Wall and Catalan Vault Style Green Roof Connection Detail as suggested by Mr Greg Flavall- Hemp Technologies.

HEMP Building Expert: Mr. Greg Flavall Co-Founder / Technical Director Hemp-Technologies

Replied to My Question on Hemp Building:

I’m designing a Hempcrete home and have been looking into a Catalan Style Spanish Roof for a roof system that does not require lumber. Do you think a hempcrete product would replace the concrete the spanish masons use? I’ve started a series of articles on the planned build at: http://stlouisrenewableenergy.com/2014/02/05/hemp-home-catalan-vaulted-style-roof-waterproofing/

Mr. Greg Flavall Co-Founder / Technical Director Hemp-Technologies Answered:

“”having looked at your website and design I’m intrigued. Although we have not done this style of roof I do not see what lime could not do the same as cement in this application- if it were sealed correctly.  Typically we are using Hemp/Lime for walls which is covered with 15-20mm of lime plaster for weather protection on a vertical plane. We install hemp/lime under the roof where it is protected as insulation and in the floor (above grade only) where it can breathe.””

Why would you not consider a green roof cover in this style, much like the Adnams Brewery project in UK completed in 2008? Seems to me a better use of area.
 Scotty added from Google Search for Adnams Brewery:
regards,
Greg Flavall
Co-Founder / Technical Director

71 Brougham Street, New Plymouth 4310, New Zealand, NZ. 

+64-6-880-0254, USA. +1-828-333-4724,

C. +64-27-910-7855, Skype: galrfai8

Hemp Home Wall Structure CAD Drawing

Designing My Hemp Home

My goal is simple: Net Zero and Affordable

In my quest to promote affordable sustainable buildings has lead me to discover a new building product that provides high R-value for energy efficiency and has the strength of concrete.  Hempcrete the new miracle building material!  Since this will be my retirement home, I realize that to make my limited budget go as far as possible I will need to be:

Net Zero in Energy Consumption and Energy Production and at the same time being

affordable to build on a limited budget.

Most everyone is aware that Living Trees are needed in removing the Carbon Dioxide from the Air and if  you have been to the local lumber yard lately the prices of lumber needed to build a traditional stick built home can be astronomical for the average budget and until insulation is added to the structure they are not energy efficient.

This Hemp Home design I’m working with eliminates a great percentage of Lumber needed in the building process and provides the insulation that will make heating and cooling this home easy and will be affordable!  This is the best of both worlds.

 This Hemp Home Design is all about Sustainability and will not sacrifice the Comfort Levels that I require.

Hemp Home Design 1
Hemp Home with Catalan Style Roof- No Lumber Needed!
Hemp Home with Catalan Style Roof- “No Lumber Needed for Roof Structure”
  • The above photo is a Catalan or Boveda Vault Style Roof.  When I watched this You Tube Video of the Spanish Masons in action; I realized that this was the solution to building a roof and ceiling with little to no lumber and it will be energy efficient and save me money on utility costs!   The Exterior water proofing layer has not been added to the design at this stage so that the viewer can the Masonry Work that comprises the Catalan Vault Style Roof System.
Skylights in Boveda Style Ceiling- IMO The best looking ceiling on the market!
Skylights in Boveda Style Ceiling- IMO The best looking ceiling on the market!

Hemp Home-Water Recycling-Water Collection System

The roof also will act as a Water Collection System that allows me to capture and store Rain Water for use in the Hemp Home.  When a filter is added it can also act to provide the clean water needed for cooking, cleaning, and drinking.

The CAD drawing below is option 1 for the layout and design of the Hemp Home.  My girl has already pointed out that I left out: Additional Bedrooms for Visitors and a Fireplace for heat- Luckily we’re in the design stage and not in the build stage of the Hemp Home.  I’m sure this floor plan will change as we narrow down our needs and must haves.

Hemp Home Design 1 by Scotty

Hemp Home Room List

  • 2 Bedrooms- 1 Master Bedroom and 1 spare bedroom
  • 1 1/2 Baths
  • Mechanical Room-Water Collection Point, HVAC Air Handler, Solar Inverter, Storage, Radiant Floor Heating
  • Green House
  • Mud Room
  • Dining Room / Living Room
  • Kitchen with Eat In counter

NOTE: These are not my final design plans stay tuned for additions and alterations to this Hemp Home Design as well as Build Notes on how and why I’ve chosen to build my future home with Hempcrete.

The fast growing  Hemp Plant will enable me to Grow and Build a Hemp Home in 2 years!

My plans are to build this home in a rural setting where I can plant and grow a field of hemp to build this home. (If we decide to build in a City Setting I will purchase the Natural Hemp Fibers).  While the Hemp is growing in the first year I will build the Stone – Rock Foundation for the home.   After the Hemp field has grown, harvested, and prepped for building- I can then start building the walls of the home with a move in date in year 2!

If Hemp Building isn’t a solution to replacing the lumber needed for

building an energy efficient home I don’t know what is! Scotty

This type of Vaulted Roof Building is not new- Spanish Masons have been building these type of structures for years.  See Mexico Insights:
Facts, Figures, Folklore & Fiestas
 at: http://www.mexico-insights.com/judysblog/post/Brick-Lakesidee28099s-Cornerstone-Part-7-The-Roof.aspx

All About Comfort

Simple Comparison of Clothes to a Buildings Envelope

Author:Scotty, Scotts Contracting-StLouis Renewable Energy 4/2/13

If you are reading this I’m going to assume that you aren’t a google bot or bing bot and wear clothes in your daily activities.  You are an actual human being who wears clothes.  

Besides the obvious fact we wear clothes to cover our nakedness.  

We humans wear clothes for protection: protection for our bodies: from the heat, from the cold, from rain and snow-summed all up from the Elements.  

We protect ourselves with clothes against the Climate and Elements we live in.

Just as you wear clothes to protect yourself from the elements the various parts of a properly constructed energy efficient building are there to protect it from the elements while keeping the inhabitants comfortable.

While it may sound complex in Nature it’s really rather simple in content when talking about a Building.

The simple comparison in how warm and dry an Insulated Wind Breaker is to a Simple T-Shirt.   

The Windbreaker stops the Cold Air from reaching your skin and the Insulation is the stuff that keeps the cold from creeping close to your body.  

  1. While a T Shirt lets in both Air and Cold thus failing to keep you warm and dry. (This is the Framing of your Building. )
  2. A Sweatshirt will help seal out a little cold but not for long. (This is the Insulation in your Building. )
  3. But when a Windbreaker is put on over the Sweatshirt and T-Shirt it is such relief to be warm- almost anything is tolerable when in a Cold Windy Environment. (This is the Air Barrier in your Building.)
  4. Caps or Hats (The roof of your Building see upcoming post-seeking sponsors)
  5. Shoes and boots (The Foundation / Basement of your Building see upcoming post-seeking sponsors)

Examples 1 thru 5 when applied to a Building is your Buildings Envelope or Outer Shell.

The buildings we live and work in need protection too. Just as you will add layers against the cold to stay warm in today’s extreme climate. Your Building needs the same protection against the Elements of Heat and Cold.

The best protection against the Elements cold and heat from entering your building is: Insulation.

R 16 Unfaced Wall Insulation as used in Benton Rehab Project
R 16 Unfaced Wall Insulation as used in Benton Rehab Project

Insulation is your Number One Source for keeping your building’s energy consumption as low as possible while staying comfortable.

 Insulation keeps the Heat and Cold from creeping in your Building.  

While building Insulation comes in many forms it basically performs the basic action that I mentioned above when talking about wearing a sweatshirt.  

Insulation is there to keep out the heat and cold that make life uncomfortable- (to include the uncomfortable feeling you get when you pay your local monthly Gas and Electric utility bills- for the over priced services they provide your building.)

Just as the Windbreaker stops the Wind from interfering with your body. Example of Air Barrier used in Benton Rehab Project The Air Barrier does the same for your Home or Office.  Normal construction techniques have various Air Barriers All of which are designed to eliminate and reduce the cold or warm air from entering and leaving your Building.  This is the second most crucial step in protecting a building against the Elements of heat and cold.

So what is the T-shirt used in this examples place in a building.  The T Shirt in this example is the Buildings Walls and Roof.  See the bare wall in this photo of the Benton Rehab Project
Bare Wall Stud Framing with No layers of Protection from the Elements
Bare Wall Stud Framing with No layers of Protection from the Elements
 while the crew and I were rehabbing this building in St Louis.  This is the framing without layers of Insulation or Air Barrier.  It’s obvious that these walls will not keep out any heat or cold.  Just as a t-shirt performs.
The Air Barrier and Insulation coupled with a few other areas of your building is your Buildings Envelope.

Scotty, Scotts Contracting St Louis Renewable Energy 4/2/13

Scotts Contracting St Louis Renewable Energy  is  your local St Louis Green  and Sustainable Builder- Providing Affordable  Punctual and  Experienced General Contracting Services for the St Louis Region.  

Let us show you that Green Building Doesn’t Cost it SAVES!!!!

.

CAD Design- Shady Jacks Saloon New Bar Design by Scotts Contracting

Final Bar CAD Design for Shady Jacks Saloon, Downtown St Louis MO-Design Build Green Project- CAD design by Scotty-Scotts Contracting www.stlouisrenewableenergy.com
Final Bar CAD Design for Shady Jacks Saloon, Downtown St Louis MO-Design Build Green Project- CAD design by Scotty-Scotts Contracting http://www.stlouisrenewableenergy.com

Project Notes / Must Haves

  1. Additional Room for the Newly Added Alcoholic Beverage Dispensers
  2. Create a User Friendly area for the Bartenders with the addition of additional beer coolers under the lower shelf
  3. Decor Must Match Existing Finishes

Materials Used

 

  • 2″x20″x14′ White Oak Rough Cut  “True Dimensional” Lumber from the Mill- Up-cycled materials that have been in storage for 8 years

Specialty Tools

  • Kreg Jig used in Attaching the Shelves 
  • Hand Planer
  • Hand Sander
  • Skil Saw
  • Levels
  • Torch Drivers

See the Before and After Photos  with Additional CAD Designs for the Project

Shady Jacks Saloon CAD drawing New Bar Design- Green Build Project- CAD by Scotts Contracting www.stlouisrenewableenergy.com
Shady Jacks Saloon CAD drawing New Bar Design- Green Build Project- CAD by Scotts Contracting http://www.stlouisrenewableenergy.com
Final Bar Design Shady Jacks Saloon- Waitress Station and Center Shelving added to New Bar Design
Final Bar Design Shady Jacks Saloon- Waitress Station and Center Shelving added to New Bar Design

 

Introducing the NewPower™ Standard

the World’s First: Triple-Redundant Alternative Power System For Homes and Business

Your Building will never lose power again with this robust power system;

  • 4500 Watt Solar Power Generation

  • 8000 Watt Line-Interactive Inverter / Battery Back-up UPS / Power Center

  • 8000 Watt Stand-by Generator to refresh the battery supply until the sun comes up or the grid is restored

 

Solar Battery Generator, will keep your Electricity Going
Never Lose Power Again With The Triple-Redundant “Perpetual” Power System-Your Building will never lose power again with this robust power system;

4500 Watt Solar Power Generation
8000 Watt Line-Interactive Inverter / Battery Back-up UPS / Power Center
8000 Watt Stand-by Generator to refresh the battery supply until the sun comes up or the grid is restored
Scotts Contracting offers Made In America Green and Sustainable Building Materials
Renewable Energy Is America’s Future
Adjustable Dual Array, Pole-Mounted Solar Panels Convert The Sun’s Energy Into 4500 Watts of Electricity
Adjustable Dual Array, Pole-Mounted Solar Panels Convert The Sun’s Energy Into 4500 Watts of Electricity

Generac® Automatic Stand-by Generators Are America’s #1 Brand

 8000 Watt Stand-by Generator to refresh the battery supply until the sun comes up or the grid is restored

  • 8000 Watt stand-by generator
  • Runs on LP or NG
  • Designed for quiet operation
  • Recharges batteries in Power Center when required
  • Automatic self-test weekly

​Learn More about the

NewPower™ by watching the Power Point Presentation

or fill in the form below and Scotty will reply to your inquiry.

 

Check out the NEW POWER WEB PAGE

 

 

 

Green Build – Gut Rehab of a 4 Family Masonry Building

But first I’ll give you a little background on the Building

Building History

There were many clues for determining the age of the building.

First Clue was the type of Bricks used.  When St Louis hosted the Worlds Fair.  The city planners realized that housing was going to be needed for everyone and started building all the brick homes that are still being utilized all over the city today.  It has to do with either the type of clay used to make the bricks or the way they ‘fired’ the bricks.  Either way when you have the type of brick as the ones in this building you have a building using bricks that were made in the Late 1800s or early 1900s.

Lumber: We have found that Douglas Fir was used 80% of the time.  True Dimensional Rough Sawn Lumber.

Nails: Hand Made Square various sizes

Plaster and Lathe

Tube and Knob Wiring

Water Cistern / Hand Pump

Gas Lighting

Rock Foundation

and more

Complete Rehab of a 4 Family Building with Garage and Warehouse

home was built in the late 1800s or early 1900s

  1. Basement Foundation Rock Foundation Repair
    1. Hint: If you can see daylight  coming thru the mortar  cracks as the building did in these pictures (you have problems and need to tuckpoint your rock foundation).
    2. See other rock foundation repair at Green Blog
  2. Removing the water damaged deck and back room addition
  3. Roofing
  4. Extensive Tuckpointing
  5. Rebuilding the back room
    1. Supporting the 2nd Floor and Roof (we used a total of 5 Support Posts in a 6 Foot Area)
    2. While Digging in the Pier Footings we found an old water tank/cistern that was used to supply water to a kitchen sink in the hand pump days.
      1. Water Collection for re-use is/was a normal part of everyday living in the days gone past.  The water was collected by the buildings eve troughs, gutters, and patio area (in the days gone past-they didn’t call it green building.  It was called survival.)
  6. Refinishing the Flooring
  7. Remodel of Kitchen/Bath
  8. Adding a Laundry Room
  9. Weather Proofing and more

Stay Tuned for Photos and Details on the Green Build Four Family Flat- perfect example on why Building Green is not only affordable but can be profitable as well.

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Web Site: http://stlouisrenewableenergy.com
scottscontracting@gmail.com
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I took the Energy Star Pledge Have You?

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Saving a Deck from the Landfill – Part 1

Deck Repair by Scotty-Scotts ContractingSt Louis Renewable Energy

Because the Deck was not built to current Building Codes the St Louis Building Code Department required:

“Bring the Deck to Current Building Codes or Tear it Down”

  1. Structural Site Inspection and Documentation of Needed Repairs of the Deck by an Architectural Engineer,

  2. Obtain a Repair Permit (based on the Engineers findings) for the needed repairs,

  3. Structurally reinforce the existing deck to the Suggestions made by the Architectural Engineer,

  4. Repair other areas that are in disrepair

  5. Have the added “Structural Work” Inspected by the St Louis Building Code Official

  6. Power Wash and Paint

  7. Final Inspection by the St Louis Building Code Official and Property Owner

 Day 1 Work Photos

  • Add ½ in by 8in Lag Bolts at 16in OC at Joist House Connection to existing 3/8 in Lag Bolts
Add ½ in by 8in Lag Bolts at 16in OC at Joist House Connection to existing 3/8 in Lag Bolts, Scotts Contracting, St Louis Renewable Energy
  • Additional Photo of Added Lag Bolts to Joist Wall Connection
Additional Photo of Added Lag Bolts to Joist Wall Connection
  • Lag Bolts at 16in OC the Entire Length of the Joist
Lag Bolts at 16in OC the Entire Length of the Joist
  • Temporary Support for Safety and to make sure the Deck Stays True and Plumb while we added the Double 2×8 Main Support Beam
  • Note: I don’t really think the Deck would have collapsed onto the crew while working on the Main Support but for Peace of Mind I went ahead and installed a Temporary 2×4 Post and Beam.
Temporary Support for Safety
  • Note: Simpson Strong Tie Connector- Post Beam Connection on 2 Center Posts
  • Outer Post utilize 2- 1/2 x 8in Bolt, Nut, Washer
Simpson Strong Tie Connector- Post Beam Connection on 2 Center Posts

Day 2 Work Photos

  • Upper Stairs and New Deck Boards
  • 3- 2×12 Stair Stringers
  • 7 3/4in Risers
  • 10 in Tread
Upper Stairs and New Deck Boards
  • Upper Stairs
  • New Deck Boards
  • New Upper Railing
Upper Stairs,New Deck Boards,New Upper Railing
  • Removing Lower Stair Case
Removing Lower Stair Case
  • Adding 2×8 to Existing Double 2×8 Joist- 3 Total 2×8- Combination of 16 Galvanized Nails, Screws, Glued, and 2-1/2 x 8in Bolt, Nut, Washer
Adding 2×8 to Existing Double 2×8 Joist- 3 Total 2×8- Combination of 16 Galvanized Nails, Screws, Glued, and 2-1/2 x 8in Bolt, Nut, Washer

Scotty-Scotts Contracting, St Louis Renewable Energy

Day 3 Photos will post in the next few days or click here to view complete project photos at Scotts Contracting Photo Album