Table of Contents for the Green Build Rehab of a 4 Family Investment Property in St Louis General Contractor on Project: Scotts Contracting, St Louis Renewable Energy
How we brought the Old Western – Old South St Louis Architecture- Decor and Feel into a Modern Day Apartment- Benton Gut Rehab
Scotts Contracting, St Louis MO
The Benton Rehab project series contains: photos, build notes, CAD Drawings, Tips, Building Codes, HVAC, Electrical, Dry Wall – Sheet Rock, Decorative Finishes, Custom Wood Work, Interior Tuck-pointing, Douglas Fir Hardwood Floor Refinishing, Ceramic Tile, Water Main Replacement, Roofing, Air Sealing, Insulation, Carpet Installation, and more
Below Links will direct to you to the Green Blog- St Louis Renewable Energy. blogspot .com
Increasing Middle America’s Access to Capital for Energy Improvements
While middle income Americans have historically invested in improvements that maintain and increase the value of their homes, they have seen an important source of financing – the equity in their properties – evaporate at the same time that their access to other loan products has been restricted. A number of energy efficiency programs are deploying credit enhancements, novel underwriting criteria, and innovative financing tools to reduce risks for both financiers and borrowers in an effort to increase the availability of energy efficiency financing for middle income households. While many of these programs are income-targeted, the challenges, opportunities, and emerging models for providing access to capital may apply more broadly across income groups in the residential sector.
POll-How can I help you Save Money on your Winter-Time Heating Bills?
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On the Frosty Mornings when you are outside your house scraping your cars windshield to prepare for your drive to work. Take a look at the Roof of your Home. -Lack of Frost or Snow on your Roof is a sure indication that it was melted by the Heat as it rises from the Interior of your House into the Attic Area-
Are there places where the snow and frost melt first? (not caused by the Suns Rays)
Is there Frost and Snow on the Garage Roof but not on the House Roof?
Does your Neighbors House have Frost and Snow on their Roof- but-Your Roof Doesn’t?
Any or All the above may mean that:
Lack of Insulation In the Attic
Air Infiltration from the Interior of the House into the Attic Area
Uninsulated Heating Ducts inside the Attic
Scotts Contracting can Inspect your Attic for Proper:
Uninsulated Heating Ducts
Email email@example.com and Scotty will provide a Free Estimate to Fix any of the Above Issues on your Home. I will also provide a Cost Saving Analysis that will provide a ROI on your Investment.
Warm air leaking into your home during the summer and out of your home during the winter and can waste a lot of your energy dollars. One of the quickest dollar-saving tasks you can do is caulk, seal, and weatherstrip all seams, cracks, and openings to the outside. You can save on your heating and cooling bill by reducing the air leaks in your home.
Hint: Use Fire Rated: 5/8″Fire Rated Drywall or Sheetrock with Fire Proof Caulking to Create the Air Tight Seal
How Does the Air Escape?
Air infiltrates into and out of your home through every hole and crack. About one-third of this air infiltrates through openings in your ceilings, walls, and floors.
First, test your home for air tightness. On a windy day, carefully hold a lit incense stick or a smoke pen next to your windows, doors, electrical boxes, plumbing fixtures, electrical outlets, ceiling fixtures, attic hatches, and other locations where there is a possible air path to the outside. If the smoke stream travels horizontally, you have located an air leak that may need caulking, sealing, or weatherstripping.
Caulk and weatherstrip doors and windows that leak air.
Caulk and seal air leaks where plumbing, ducting, or electrical wiring penetrates through walls, floors, ceilings, and soffits over cabinets.
Install foam gaskets behind outlet and switch plates on walls.
Look for dirty spots in your insulation, which often indicate holes where air leaks into and out of your house. You can seal the holes with low-expansion spray foam made for this purpose.
Look for dirty spots on your ceiling paint and carpet, which may indicate air leaks at interior wall/ceiling joints and wall/floor joists. These joints can be caulked.
Install storm windows over single-pane windows or replace them with more efficient windows, such as double-pane. See Windows on page 18 for more information.
When the fireplace is not in use, keep the flue damper tightly closed. A chimney is designed specifically for smoke to escape, so until you close it, warm air escapes—24 hours a day!
For new construction, reduce exterior wall leaks by installing house wrap, taping the joints of exterior sheathing, and comprehensively caulking and sealing the exterior walls.
Use foam sealant around larger gaps around windows, baseboards, and other places where warm air may be leaking out.
Kitchen exhaust fan covers can keep air from leaking in when the exhaust fan is not in use. The covers typically attach via magnets for ease of replacement.
Replacing existing door bottoms and thresholds with ones that have pliable sealing gaskets is a great way to eliminate conditioned air leaking out from underneath the doors.
Fireplace flues are made from metal, and over time repeated heating and cooling can cause the metal to warp or break, creating a channel for hot or cold air loss. Inflatable chimney balloons are designed to fit beneath your fireplace flue during periods of non-use. They are made from several layers of durable plastic and can be removed easily and reused hundreds of times. Should you forget to remove the balloon before making a fire, the balloon will automatically deflate within seconds of coming into contact with heat.
Sources of Air Leaks in Your Home
Areas that leak air into and out of your home cost you lots of money. Check the areas listed below.
Water and furnace flues
Electrical outlets and switches
Plumbing and utility access
Scotts Contracting is available to assist you in improving your Home or Business Energy Demands. Please use this form to Contact Scotty, Scotts Contracting to schedule a FREE Energy Analysis for your Property.
Heating and cooling account for 50 to 70% of the energy used in the average American home. Inadequate insulation and air leakage are leading causes of energy waste in most homes. Insulation:
saves money and our nation’s limited energy resources
makes your house more comfortable by helping to maintain a uniform temperature throughout the house, and
makes walls, ceilings, and floors warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer.
The amount of energy you conserve will depend on several factors: your local climate; the size, shape, and construction of your house; the living habits of your family; the type and efficiency of the heating and cooling systems; and the fuel you use.
Once the energy savings have paid for the installation cost, energy conserved is money saved -saving energy will be even more important as utility rates go up.
This fact sheet will help you to understand how insulation works, what different types of insulation are available, and how much insulation makes sense for your climate. There are many other things you can do to conserve energy in your home as well. The Department of Energy offers many web sites(http://ornl.gov/sci/roofs+walls/insulation/ins_07.html) to help you save energy by sealing air leaks, selecting more energy-efficient appliances, etc.
How Insulation Works
How Insulation Works
Heat flows naturally from a warmer to a cooler space. In winter, the heat moves directly from all heated living spaces to the outdoors and to adjacent unheated attics, garages, and basements – wherever there is a difference in temperature.
During the summer, heat moves from outdoors to the house interior.
To maintain comfort, the heat lost in winter must be replaced by your heating system and the heat gained in summer must be removed by your air conditioner. Insulating ceilings, walls, and floors decreases the heating or cooling needed by providing an effective resistance to the flow of heat.
Reflective insulation or Radiant Barriers works by reducing the amount of energy that travels in the form of radiation. Some forms of reflective insulation also divide a space up into small regions to reduce air movement, or convection, but not to the same extent as batts, blankets, loose-fill, and foam.
If you have the question: Why is my house so Cold? Why are the walls so cold? Why are the outer rooms of my house so cold? Where are these cold air drafts coming from? Why is it costing me so much to heat my house? Why is my Heating Bill so high? How do I lower my heating bills? What are the recommended ways to lower my heating bills?
Answer: I’ve designed this CAD Diagram to explain how hot & cold temperature seeps into a building and vice-versa
Example: a home with 2×4 walls with 0 (zero) insulation.
You can see by the blue areas how solid materials transfer the hot/cold temperature.
Standard Minimum Code Wall Framing consisting of
Siding on Exterior of Building
1/2 in Plywood or OSB Particle Board
2×4 Framing Member Wall Stud
1/2 in Drywall or Sheet Rock
The hot/cold temperature (Blue Areas in Diagram) on the Exterior of the Building is transferred to the Interior of the Building by Conduction. This works both
The simplest explanation I can use to demonstrate and explain this is too use this example: when you are using a Metal Cooking Utensil to stir a pot of chili. If the utensil is left in the pot of chilli for any length of time. The heat will eventually transfer up the utensil handle and will usually burn your hand or fingers. Heat and Cold enter a Building in the same way; unless, there is some form of Insulation or Thermal Break to prevent the conduction of energy.
[Clicking on the Diagrams will enlarge the Photos for easier viewing.]
Example 1. Adding Insulation on the exterior of the Building normally behind the exterior wall finish. This is normally used in conjunction with Insulation in the Wall Cavities.
Example 1 Top View
Example 1 Adding Insulation on the Exterior of Wall Framing
Example 2 – Staggered Wall Studs
Top View 2×4 Staggered Studs to Prevent Energy Loss and Gain
2×4 Staggered Studs Prevent Energy Loss and Gain
Example 3- Double Wall Construction
2×4 Double Wall Construction to Prevent Energy Loss and Gain
2×4 Double Wall Construction to Prevent Energy Loss and Gain
Example 4- Creating a Thermal Break by Adding Wall Channels
Thermal Break created by Wall Channels to prevent energy loss
Thermal Break created by adding Wall Channels to prevent energy loss and gain
The above illustrations are just a few examples of how to prevent Energy Loss in a Building by adding: Insulation, Providing a Thermal Break, and Creating Dead Air Space. Examples 1 and 4 are used mostly in Remodeling and Renovation Projects. With examples 2 and 3 are used mainly in new construction of Buildings. For detailed information, proven scientific facts, about how energy is transferred I suggest reading the Article at Wiki on Heat Transfer at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heat_transfer.
If you live in the St Louis Area and are interested in Saving Money on your utility bills by any of the above mentioned diagrams or illustrations I can be reached using the form below. (This is how I reduce the Spam received via the WWW) I will return your message asap for confirmation of the Appointment
If you are interested in Saving Money on your up-coming winter time heating costs Scotts Contracting offers: Weatherization, Insulation, and Building Maintenance Services that will save you money on your Heating Bills.
Offer is available for Residential and Commercial Buildings in the Greater St Louis Area
Scotts Contracting supplies:
Cost Effective Solutions that will save you $ Money $ on your Heating Bills.
My motto: Affordable, Experienced, and Punctual.
General Rule of Thumb for Energy Efficient Up-Grades for Buildings: For Every Dollar you spend you will save between $2-$3 Dollars on your Heating Bills.
$3000.00 Dollar Attic Retrofits Costs for Average 1,100 Sq. Ft. Residential Home
With my Preliminary Figures using a Guesstimate ($400) on your current Energy Bill and using the Dept of Energy’s Estimate of 20% Savings for attic retrofits. I’ve determined that by Sealing your Air Leaks and Adding Insulation to the Attic the Attic Retrofit will pay for itself in 2.6 years. [ I would wager that it will be closer to 1.75-2 years with the yearly utility rate increases by Ameren UE and Laclede Gas.]
Attic Retrofit Consists of:
Adding Insulation to meet the US Dept of Energy Guidelines for the St Louis Area
Sealing all the Air Leaks that are allowing the Cold Air into your Building