Tag Archives: Weatherization

4 Family Investment Property Rehab Construction Series

Table of Contents for the Green Build Rehab of a 4 Family Investment Property in St Louis General Contractor on Project: Scotts Contracting, St Louis Renewable Energy

 How we  brought the Old Western – Old South St Louis Architecture- Decor and Feel into a Modern Day Apartment- Benton Gut Rehab

Scotts Contracting, St Louis MO
 

The Benton Rehab project series contains: photos, build notes, CAD Drawings, Tips,  Building Codes, HVAC, Electrical, Dry Wall – Sheet Rock, Decorative Finishes, Custom Wood Work, Interior Tuck-pointing, Douglas Fir Hardwood Floor Refinishing, Ceramic Tile, Water Main Replacement, Roofing, Air Sealing, Insulation, Carpet Installation, and more

 Below Links will direct to you to the Green Blog- St Louis Renewable Energy. blogspot .com
  1. Part 1: History

  2. Part 2: Stone Foundation Repair

  3. Part 3: Tuck-pointing the Brick Walls pt 1

  4. Part 4: Tuck-pointing the Brick Walls pt 2

  5. Part 5: What were they thinking?

  6. Part 6: Paint Pro Tip #35

  7. Part 7: Repairing Water Damage-Exterior Wall

  8. Part 8: 1st Floor Weatherization

  9. Part 9: See the Difference a Little White Paint Makes

  10. Part 10: Interior Framing-Plumbing-Laundry Room

  11. Part 11: Kitchen Framing Tip #36-Benton Rehab Project

  12. Part 12: Water Main Repair- Benton Rehab

  13. Part 13: Benton Rehab Project Drywall Installation and Tip: Number 1172

Schedule an Interview and Job Site Walk Thru to discuss your next Green Build Project in the St Louis City by clicking here and email Scotts Contracting for a Free Green Estimate

New Policy Brief- Middle Income Financing for Energy Efficiency

Increasing Middle America’s Access to Capital for Energy Improvements

While middle income Americans have historically invested in improvements that maintain and increase the value of their homes, they have seen an important source of financing – the equity in their properties – evaporate at the same time that their access to other loan products has been restricted.  A number of energy efficiency programs are deploying credit enhancements, novel underwriting criteria, and innovative financing tools to reduce risks for both financiers and borrowers in an effort to increase the availability of energy efficiency financing for middle income households.  While many of these programs are income-targeted, the challenges, opportunities, and emerging models for providing access to capital may apply more broadly across income groups in the residential sector.

Read the Brief  mi-policybrief-3-6-2012

Poll-How can I help you Save Money on your Winter-Time Heating Bills?

Scotts Contracting Provides Energy Audits and Weatherization services for your home or business. Save $ by Weatherizing your building against High Heating Bills this winter
Weatherizing your Building will Save $ Money $ on your Heating Costs

POll-How can I help you Save Money on your Winter-Time Heating Bills?

[contact-form] [contact-field <a class='zem_slink' title='Record label' href='http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Record_label' rel="wikipedia">label</a>="If you checked any of the above options enter your info in the form below to Schedule a Free Green Site Inspection" type='text'/] [contact-field label='When is the best time to contact you?' type='select' options='AM,PM'/] [contact-field label='Name' type='name' required='true'/] [contact-field label='Email' type='email' required='true'/] [contact-field label="<a class='zem_slink' title='Website' href='http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Website' rel="wikipedia">Website</a>" type='url'/] [contact-field label='Comment' type='textarea' required='true'/] [/contact-form]

Frost or Snow on Roof or Lack Snow is a sure sign…

Snow on Roof or Lack Snow is a sure sign….

On the Frosty Mornings when you are outside your house scraping your cars windshield to prepare for your drive to work. Take a look at the Roof of your Home. -Lack of Frost or Snow on your Roof is a sure indication that it was melted by the Heat as it rises from the Interior of your House into the Attic Area-

Snow on Roof or Lack Snow is a sure sign…

  • Does the Frost or Snow cover the whole roof?
  • Are there places where the snow and frost melt first? (not caused by the Suns Rays)
  • Is there Frost and Snow on the Garage Roof but not on the House Roof?
  • Does your Neighbors House have Frost and Snow on their Roof- but-Your Roof Doesn’t?

Any or All the above may mean that:

  1. Lack of Insulation In the Attic
  2. Air Infiltration from the Interior of the House into the Attic Area
  3. Uninsulated Heating Ducts inside the Attic

Scotts Contracting can Inspect your Attic for Proper:

  1. Insulation Levels
  2. Adequate Ventilation
  3. Uninsulated Heating Ducts
  4. Air Infiltration

Email scottscontracting@gmail.com and Scotty will provide a Free Estimate to Fix any of the Above Issues on your Home. I will also provide a Cost Saving Analysis that will provide a ROI on your Investment. 

Weatherization doesn’t cost it Saves! - Rule of Thumb: For Every $1 Spent on weatherization You will Save $2-$3 on your Home’s Energy Bills

  • Example: By adding the suggested Inches of Insulation you will save 10-30% amount on the Energy needed to heat your Home= Lower Heating Bills and Greater Comfort Levels for you and your family

Additional Green Blog Posts:Energy Star Home Improvement Tips ,Insulation and Thermal Performance ,Which Kind Of Insulation Is Best? ,Radiant Barriersfor your Attic,Insulating Roofs, Walls, and Floors, Roof and Attic Ventilation ,


Email scottscontracting@gmail.com or use the contact form below and Scotty will provide a Free Estimate to Fix any of the Above Issues on your Home. – Scotty, Scott’s Contracting

Air Sealing a Ceiling Electrical Junction Box

CAD Design-Weatherize-Insulate-Fire Block-Electrical Junction Box

Air Sealing Ceiling Electrical Junction Box
CAD Diagram explains how to Build and Air Tight Electrical Junction Box located in most Attics

Sealing Air Leaks

Warm air leaking into your home during the summer and out of your home during the winter and can waste a lot of your energy dollars. One of the quickest dollar-saving tasks you can do is caulk, seal, and weatherstrip all seams, cracks, and openings to the outside. You can save on your heating and cooling bill by reducing the air leaks in your home.

Hint: Use Fire Rated: 5/8″Fire Rated Drywall or Sheetrock with Fire Proof Caulking to Create the Air Tight Seal

Fire Proof /Air Tight Electrical Junction Box Cover used in Attics

Tips for Sealing Air Leaks

re-posted from:http://www.energysavers.gov/tips/insulation_sealing.cfm

Pie chart shows how air escapes from a typical home: 31% floors, ceiling, walls; 15% ducts; 14% fireplace; 13% plumbing penetrations, 11% doors; 10% windows; 4% fans and vents; 2% electric outlets.How Does the Air Escape?
Air infiltrates into and out of your home through every hole and crack. About one-third of this air infiltrates through openings in your ceilings, walls, and floors.
  • First, test your home for air tightness. On a windy day, carefully hold a lit incense stick or a smoke pen next to your windows, doors, electrical boxes, plumbing fixtures, electrical outlets, ceiling fixtures, attic hatches, and other locations where there is a possible air path to the outside. If the smoke stream travels horizontally, you have located an air leak that may need caulking, sealing, or weatherstripping.
  • Caulk and weatherstrip doors and windows that leak air.
  • Caulk and seal air leaks where plumbing, ducting, or electrical wiring penetrates through walls, floors, ceilings, and soffits over cabinets.
  • Install foam gaskets behind outlet and switch plates on walls.
  • Look for dirty spots in your insulation, which often indicate holes where air leaks into and out of your house. You can seal the holes with low-expansion spray foam made for this purpose.
  • Look for dirty spots on your ceiling paint and carpet, which may indicate air leaks at interior wall/ceiling joints and wall/floor joists. These joints can be caulked.
  • Install storm windows over single-pane windows or replace them with more efficient windows, such as double-pane. See Windows on page 18 for more information.
  • When the fireplace is not in use, keep the flue damper tightly closed. A chimney is designed specifically for smoke to escape, so until you close it, warm air escapes—24 hours a day!
  • For new construction, reduce exterior wall leaks by installing house wrap, taping the joints of exterior sheathing, and comprehensively caulking and sealing the exterior walls.
  • Use foam sealant around larger gaps around windows, baseboards, and other places where warm air may be leaking out.
  • Kitchen exhaust fan covers can keep air from leaking in when the exhaust fan is not in use. The covers typically attach via magnets for ease of replacement.
  • Replacing existing door bottoms and thresholds with ones that have pliable sealing gaskets is a great way to eliminate conditioned air leaking out from underneath the doors.
  • Fireplace flues are made from metal, and over time repeated heating and cooling can cause the metal to warp or break, creating a channel for hot or cold air loss. Inflatable chimney balloons are designed to fit beneath your fireplace flue during periods of non-use. They are made from several layers of durable plastic and can be removed easily and reused hundreds of times. Should you forget to remove the balloon before making a fire, the balloon will automatically deflate within seconds of coming into contact with heat.
Cutaway house illustration showing areas of home where air leaks. Refer to caption for list.Sources of Air Leaks in Your Home
Areas that leak air into and out of your home cost you lots of money. Check the areas listed below.

  1. Dropped ceiling
  2. Recessed light
  3. Attic entrance
  4. Sill plates
  1. Water and furnace flues
  2. All ducts
  3. Door frames
  4. Chimney flashing
  1. Window frames
  2. Electrical outlets and switches
  3. Plumbing and utility access
Scotts Contracting is available to assist you in improving your Home or Business Energy Demands.  Please use this form to Contact Scotty, Scotts Contracting to schedule a FREE Energy Analysis for your Property.

How Insulation Works-Typical-St Louis Brick Home used in Examples

CAD Drawing-Insulation-St Louis Brick Home-Examples

How Insulation Works
Top View: Brick Home with Zero Insulation
Brick Home Wall Detail with Zero Insulation
Brick Home with Insulation in Wall Cavity


Why Insulate Your House?


Heating and cooling account for 50 to 70% of the energy used in the average American home. Inadequate insulation and air leakage are leading causes of energy waste in most homes. Insulation:

  • saves money and our nation’s limited energy resources
  • makes your house more comfortable by helping to maintain a uniform temperature throughout the house, and
  • makes walls, ceilings, and floors warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer.

The amount of energy you conserve will depend on several factors: your local climate; the size, shape, and construction of your house; the living habits of your family; the type and efficiency of the heating and cooling systems; and the fuel you use.

Once the energy savings have paid for the installation cost, energy conserved is money saved -saving energy will be even more important as utility rates go up.

This fact sheet will help you to understand how insulation works, what different types of insulation are available, and how much insulation makes sense for your climate. There are many other things you can do to conserve energy in your home as well. The Department of Energy offers many web sites(http://ornl.gov/sci/roofs+walls/insulation/ins_07.html) to help you save energy by sealing air leaks, selecting more energy-efficient appliances, etc.


How Insulation Works

How Insulation Works
  • Heat flows naturally from a warmer to a cooler space. In winter, the heat moves directly from all heated living spaces to the outdoors and to adjacent unheated attics, garages, and basements – wherever there is a difference in temperature.
  • During the summer, heat moves from outdoors to the house interior.
  • To maintain comfort, the heat lost in winter must be replaced by your heating system and the heat gained in summer must be removed by your air conditioner. Insulating ceilings, walls, and floors decreases the heating or cooling needed by providing an effective resistance to the flow of heat.
  • Reflective insulation or Radiant Barriers works by reducing the amount of energy that travels in the form of radiation. Some forms of reflective insulation also divide a space up into small regions to reduce air movement, or convection, but not to the same extent as batts, blankets, loose-fill, and foam.


Reference> http://ornl.gov/sci/roofs+walls/insulation/ins_01.html

CAD Detail Heat and Cold Loss-2×4 Wall

Rockwool Thermal insulation, scanned @ 1600dpi...
Rock Wool Insulation (Fire Resistant) Image via Wikipedia

If you have the question: Why is my house so Cold? Why are the walls so cold? Why are the outer rooms of my house so cold?  Where are these cold air drafts coming from? Why is it costing me so much to heat my house? Why is my Heating Bill so high? How do I lower my heating bills? What are the recommended ways to lower my heating bills?

Answer: I’ve designed this CAD Diagram to explain how hot & cold temperature seeps into a building and vice-versa

Example: a home with 2×4 walls with 0 (zero) insulation.

You can see by the blue areas how solid materials transfer the hot/cold temperature.

  • Standard Minimum Code Wall Framing consisting of

  • Siding on Exterior of Building
  • 1/2 in Plywood or OSB Particle Board
  • 2×4 Framing Member Wall Stud
  • 1/2 in Drywall or Sheet Rock

The hot/cold temperature (Blue Areas in Diagram) on the Exterior of the Building is transferred to the Interior of the Building by Conduction. This works both

Ways as Interior Temperature in transferred out-wards.

The simplest explanation I can use to demonstrate and explain this is too use this example: when you are using a Metal Cooking Utensil to stir a pot of chili. If the utensil is left in the pot of chilli for any length of time. The heat will eventually transfer up the utensil handle and will usually burn your hand or fingers. Heat and Cold enter a Building in the same way; unless, there is some form of Insulation or Thermal Break to prevent the conduction of energy.

Now that your understand how Energy is transferred thru building materials

I’ll explain the various ways that Insulation:

Slows down and Reduces this form of Energy Loss in an upcoming post.

If you have any questions or comments about this article or schedule an appointment use this link to schedule a

Free Proposal on Weatherizing your Building to save money and reduce your Winter-Time Energy Bills

and Scotty, Scotts Contracting will return your Weatherization request asap. scottscontracting@gmail.com

CAD Diagram courtesy of Scotty, Scotts Contracting explaining how cold temperature is transferred
thru building materials into your home.

How to Prevent Heat Loss 4 Examples-Diagrams-Drawings for your Building Projects

How to Prevent Heat Loss with 4 Examples-Diagrams-Drawings for your Building Projects

In recent conversations with customers and peers about Reducing Energy Loss in Buildings / Structures and how heat and cold are transferred into a Building via Conduction.  I explained and made reference to using a Metal Cooking Utensil to stir a pot of chilli.

If the utensil is left in the pot of chilli for any length of time.  The heat will eventually transfer heat up the utensil handle and will usually burn your hand or fingers.

Heat and Cold enter a Building  in the same way; unless, there is some form of Insulation or Thermal Break to prevent the conduction of energy.

Cooking utensil manufactures solve this issue by adding handles made of Wood, Plastic, etc.

The Building and Remodeling Industry combats this energy loss/gain in various ways.  Here a few examples, diagrams, and drawings that show how this loss or gain is minimized.

When this heat/cold gain and loss is minimized you will save money on your Heating and Cooling Bills.

By renovating and building using these examples and basic design principles you will save money and reduce Global Warming / Climate Change.

[Clicking on the Diagrams will enlarge the Photos for easier viewing.]

  • Example 1. Adding Insulation on the exterior of the Building normally behind the exterior wall finish.  This is normally used in conjunction with Insulation in the Wall Cavities.

    • Example 1 top view
      Example 1 Top View
      ISO View Example 1
      Example 1 Adding Insulation on the Exterior of Wall Framing
  • Example 2 – Staggered Wall Studs

  • 2x4 Staggered Studs to prevent Energy Loss and Gain
    Top View 2×4 Staggered Studs to Prevent Energy Loss and Gain
    2x4 Staggered Studs
    2×4 Staggered Studs Prevent Energy Loss and Gain
  • Example 3- Double Wall Construction

  • 2x4 Double Wall Construction
    2×4 Double Wall Construction to Prevent Energy Loss and Gain
    2x4 Double Wall Construction
    2×4 Double Wall Construction to Prevent Energy Loss and Gain
  • Example 4- Creating a Thermal Break by Adding Wall Channels

Thermal Break created by Wall Channels to prevent energy loss
Thermal Break created by Wall Channels to prevent energy loss
Thermal Break created by adding Wall Channels to prevent energy loss and gain
Thermal Break created by adding Wall Channels to prevent energy loss and gain
The above illustrations are just a few examples of how to prevent Energy Loss in a Building by adding: Insulation, Providing a Thermal Break, and Creating Dead Air Space.  Examples 1 and 4 are used mostly in Remodeling and Renovation Projects.  With examples 2 and 3 are used mainly in new construction of Buildings.  For detailed information, proven scientific facts, about how energy is transferred I suggest reading the Article at Wiki  on Heat Transfer at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heat_transfer.

If you live in the St Louis Area and are interested in Saving Money on your utility bills by any of the above mentioned diagrams or illustrations I can be reached using the form below. (This is how I reduce the Spam received via the WWW)  I will return your message asap for confirmation of the Appointment

Fall Weatherization Services Offer

If you are interested in Saving Money on your up-coming winter time heating costs Scotts Contracting offers: Weatherization, Insulation, and Building Maintenance Services that will save you money on your Heating Bills.

Offer is available for Residential and Commercial Buildings in the Greater St Louis Area

Scotts Contracting supplies:

Cost Effective Solutions that will save you $ Money $ on your Heating Bills.

energy audit
Blower Door Energy Audit Test

 My motto: Affordable, Experienced, and Punctual.

General Rule of Thumb for Energy Efficient Up-Grades for Buildings: For Every Dollar you spend you will save between $2-$3 Dollars on your Heating Bills.

Example:
  • $3000.00 Dollar Attic Retrofits Costs for Average 1,100 Sq. Ft. Residential Home
  • With my Preliminary Figures using a Guesstimate ($400) on your current Energy Bill and using the Dept of Energy’s Estimate of 20% Savings for attic retrofits. I’ve determined that by Sealing your Air Leaks and Adding Insulation to the Attic the Attic Retrofit will pay for itself in 2.6 years. [ I would wager that it will be closer to 1.75-2 years with the yearly utility rate increases by Ameren UE and Laclede Gas.]
Attic Retrofit Consists of:
  1. Adding Insulation to meet the US Dept of Energy Guidelines for the St Louis Area
  2. Sealing all the Air Leaks that are allowing the Cold Air into your Building
  3. Adding Proper Ventilation

I’ve published many handy how to articles on Saving Money on Energy Bills if you choose to DIY or would like to research articles on Saving $Money$ on Utility Bills click here to browse these articles on my Green Blog 

Energy Audits are also available

Feel Free to use the Following Form to schedule an energy Audit or Weatherization for Your Property.

Scotts Contracting Latest Website 9/11/11

Check out my new website at > http://stlouisrenewableenergy.com

Feedback, Suggestions, Comments are welcome and much appreciated.  Scotty

Scotts Contracting will Save You $money$ on your Building Projects
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